Genesis 46:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 46:12, NIV: The sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez and Zerah (but Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan). The sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul.

Genesis 46:12, ESV: The sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan); and the sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

Genesis 46:12, KJV: And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

Genesis 46:12, NASB: And the sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan). And the sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

Genesis 46:12, NLT: The sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (though Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan). The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

Genesis 46:12, CSB: Judah's sons: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah; but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

What does Genesis 46:12 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Jacob's sons and grandsons are listed in this passage. The family is entering Egypt to survive a terrible famine (Genesis 45:9–11). Jacob's fourth son, also from his wife Leah, is Judah (Genesis 29:35). Judah's sons are listed as Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah. Er and Onan were both married, in turn, to a woman named Tamar, and both died prematurely, killed by the Lord for their wickedness (Genesis 38:6–10). The twins Perez and Zerah were born to Tamar by Judah, conceived when she deceived him into thinking she was a prostitute and not his daughter-in-law (Genesis 38:11–30).

Judah's young son Perez had two sons of his own. One is named Hezron, sharing a name with Reuben's son. The other is Hamul, from a word meaning "spared."