Genesis 4:25 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 4:25, NIV: "Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, 'God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.'"

Genesis 4:25, ESV: "And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.”"

Genesis 4:25, KJV: "And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew."

Genesis 4:25, NASB: "Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for, she said, 'God has appointed me another child in place of Abel, because Cain killed him.'"

Genesis 4:25, NLT: "Adam had sexual relations with his wife again, and she gave birth to another son. She named him Seth, for she said, 'God has granted me another son in place of Abel, whom Cain killed.'"

Genesis 4:25, CSB: "Adam was intimate with his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, for she said, "God has given me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.""

What does Genesis 4:25 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

After detailing Cain's descendants through Lamech and his offspring in the previous verses, the narrative now jumps back in time to the birth of Seth. It is very likely Adam and Eve had many sons and daughters besides Cain, Abel, and Seth. Cain's concern over vengeance strongly suggests that there were many other people alive when he murdered his brother (Genesis 4:14). Those three were special, though, in that the Bible chooses to focus on their stories and successors. This focus only on more notable figures is a common feature of ancient writings.

It's helpful to notice that Eve is still a woman of faith, expressing her trust in God as the provider of sons even after Cain killed Abel. She saw Seth as God's direct replacement for her lost Abel.

We're told in the next chapter that Adam was 130 years old at the birth of Seth. Eve would have been about the same age. Scripture reports that these first generations after the garden lived hundreds of years, with a reproductive window far beyond what would be considered normal today.