Genesis 4:21 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 4:21, NIV: "His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes."

Genesis 4:21, ESV: "His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe."

Genesis 4:21, KJV: "And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ."

Genesis 4:21, NASB: "His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and flute."

Genesis 4:21, NLT: "His brother's name was Jubal, the first of all who play the harp and flute."

Genesis 4:21, CSB: "His brother was named Jubal; he was the father of all who play the lyre and the flute."

What does Genesis 4:21 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The previous verse told of the life and work of Jabal, Lamech's son with his wife Adah. This verse tells us of his brother Jubal, born of Lamech's other wife Zillah. Jubal became a musician and fathered a line of musicians. Specifically, Jubal and his offspring played the lyre, which is a stringed instrument, and the pipe.

It's fascinating to note that just eight generations from Adam, a creative culture is blossoming. Human beings, made in the image of a Creator God, are beginning to express their creativity in one of the areas central to the culture of heaven: music. Unfortunately, this passage also shows that Cain's descendants are continuing his hateful, arrogant rejection of God. Soon, Jabal and Jubal's father will brag about his murder of a younger man. And, he will have the nerve to claim an even greater immunity than Cain was given by God (Genesis 4:23–24).