Genesis 31:54 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 31:54, NIV: "He offered a sacrifice there in the hill country and invited his relatives to a meal. After they had eaten, they spent the night there."

Genesis 31:54, ESV: "and Jacob offered a sacrifice in the hill country and called his kinsmen to eat bread. They ate bread and spent the night in the hill country."

Genesis 31:54, KJV: "Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount."

Genesis 31:54, NASB: "Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his relatives to the meal; and they ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain."

Genesis 31:54, NLT: "Then Jacob offered a sacrifice to God there on the mountain and invited everyone to a covenant feast. After they had eaten, they spent the night on the mountain."

Genesis 31:54, CSB: "Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain and invited his relatives to eat a meal. So they ate a meal and spent the night on the mountain."

What does Genesis 31:54 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Laban and Jacob have agreed on the terms of a covenant that would keep both on their own side of the heap or boundary marker they have built. To seal this agreement, Laban has sworn an oath on the gods he recognizes, including the God of Abraham. Jacob has sworn an oath by God, as well, calling Him the "Fear of Isaac."

Now Jacob concludes the agreement by offering a sacrifice upon an altar and by sharing another meal with Laban and his kinsman. This eating of bread was likely more than just a meal, but part of the covenant process itself.

Finally, everyone retreats to their tents and goes to bed, ending what must have been a momentous, emotional, and exhausting day.