Genesis 25:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 25:13, NIV: "These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,"

Genesis 25:13, ESV: "These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, named in the order of their birth: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael; and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,"

Genesis 25:13, KJV: "And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,"

Genesis 25:13, NASB: "and these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, in the order of their birth: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,"

Genesis 25:13, NLT: "Here is a list, by their names and clans, of Ishmael's descendants: The oldest was Nebaioth, followed by Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,"

Genesis 25:13, CSB: "These are the names of Ishmael's sons; their names according to the family records are Nebaioth, Ishmael's firstborn, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,"

What does Genesis 25:13 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The twelve sons of Ishmael are listed by order of birth in this and the following verses. The Lord had promised to Hagar that Ishmael would father "twelve princes," implying that each would become the head of his own clan or tribe (Genesis 17:20). Indeed, several peoples carrying the names of Ishmael's descendants become well known in the Middle East and in Israel's history.

Ishmael's firstborn son Nebaioth becomes the representative of the family. Isaac's son Esau will later marry "Nebaioth's sisters," and Ishmael's daughters, Mahalath and/or Basemath (Genesis 28:9; 36:3). It's unclear if these are two women or one woman given two names.

Along with Nebaioth, Kedar became the name of a powerful Arab tribe. The descendants of Adbeel and Mibsam may have become lesser tribes in the region.