Genesis 21:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 21:13, NIV: "I will make the son of the slave into a nation also, because he is your offspring.'"

Genesis 21:13, ESV: "And I will make a nation of the son of the slave woman also, because he is your offspring.”"

Genesis 21:13, KJV: "And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed."

Genesis 21:13, NASB: "And of the son of the slave woman I will make a nation also, because he is your descendant.'"

Genesis 21:13, NLT: "But I will also make a nation of the descendants of Hagar's son because he is your son, too.'"

Genesis 21:13, CSB: "and I will also make a nation of the slave's son because he is your offspring.""

What does Genesis 21:13 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Abraham was greatly displeased at the idea of casting his firstborn son Ishmael out of his family and household. God told Abraham to do it anyway, just as Sarah had said. Abraham's name must pass to Isaac, not Ishmael. But God's intent is not to abandon these two to death or poverty.

Here, God reassures Abraham once more that He will make a nation of Hagar. She and Ishmael would be provided for and become established. It's the same promise God had previously made both to Hagar (Genesis 16:10) and to Abraham (Genesis 17:20).

Why would God do this for Ishmael? He was Abraham's son, and God had promised to bless Abraham in every way. This included blessing all those related to Abraham. Even though Ishmael was the result of Abraham and Sarah trying to scheme towards their own desires, God still faithfully keeps His promises. Ishmael will not be punished or treated unfairly on account of his parents' dispute.