Genesis 2:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 2:14, NIV: "The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."

Genesis 2:14, ESV: "And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."

Genesis 2:14, KJV: "And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates."

Genesis 2:14, NASB: "The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."

Genesis 2:14, NLT: "The third branch, called the Tigris, flowed east of the land of Asshur. The fourth branch is called the Euphrates."

Genesis 2:14, CSB: "The name of the third river is Tigris, which runs east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."

What does Genesis 2:14 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This passage, starting in verse 10, describes a river which splits into four smaller waterways after leaving Eden. These rivers show connections to rivers and lands we know in the modern world, but for the most part cannot be explicitly identified. These details would have been useful for the original readers of Genesis, in knowing where Eden was located, but without knowing exactly where the garden had been.

Scholars do not universally agree on the locations of the previous two rivers mentioned, Pishon and Gihon, but the Tigris and Euphrates are well known rivers in the region to this day. In fact, these waterways are strongly connected with the ancient region known as Mesopotamia.

The Tigris flows east of the ancient Assyrian capital of Ashur. The Euphrates river is to the west of the Tigris. These rivers flow from the region of modern-day Turkey, through modern-day Iraq, and join into a single path before emptying into the Persian Gulf.