Exodus 2:25

ESV God saw the people of Israel—and God knew.
NIV So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them.
NASB And God saw the sons of Israel, and God took notice of them.
CSB God saw the Israelites, and God knew.
NLT He looked down on the people of Israel and knew it was time to act.
KJV And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.

What does Exodus 2:25 mean?

The final verse of the chapter notes two important truths. This is part of a temporary shift away from the story of Moses, looking back on the Hebrews still enslaved in Egypt.

First, God recognized Israel's difficult situation and cared deeply about the way they were treated. These words prepare readers for the upcoming calling of Moses to bring the Jewish people out of slavery. Second, God "knew" all about their situation. The Hebrew usage of "to know" generally referred to more than understanding a situation, but also included involvement. For example, Adam's sexual intimacy with Eve was described as Adam "knowing" his wife. This involved more than understanding; personal involvement was part of this experience.

In addition, the concluding words of this chapter that "God knew" remind readers God is fully aware of the pain we endure in this life. Even when we suffer, God has a plan at work. Romans 8:28 expresses this truth well: "And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose." God's plan and promise would unfold through the life of Moses as the leader of God's people from slavery to freedom.

The next passage will return to Moses, and his dramatic call by God, through the miracle of the burning bush.
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