Ephesians 4:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Ephesians 4:6, NIV: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.

Ephesians 4:6, ESV: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.

Ephesians 4:6, KJV: One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

Ephesians 4:6, NASB: one God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all.

Ephesians 4:6, NLT: and one God and Father, who is over all and in all and living through all.

Ephesians 4:6, CSB: one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all.

What does Ephesians 4:6 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul adds a seventh and final "one" to complete his list begun in verse 4. Christians are all saved by the grace of the same God, uniquely defined and identified in the Old and New Testaments. Contrary to modern notions that Christians worship the same God as other religions, Christian worship a unique God of Father, Son, and Spirit. Legitimate Christianity accepts Jesus as God's divine Son, as well as Lord.

Paul also noted this Father "is over all and through all and in all." Each of this verse's four references to "all" come from the same Greek root word, pas. This phrasing is used by Paul to cover every possible aspect which God could be sovereign over. There is no god or being higher than Him. Every legitimate follower of Christ adheres to this belief of "one God." This concept is so fundamental, and so critical to the faith, that it can be traced to the first words of Scripture: "In the beginning, God" (Genesis 1:1). A foundational belief of the Torah is that God is one (Deuteronomy 6:4–5).