Ephesians 4:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Ephesians 4:10, NIV: He who descended is the very one who ascended higher than all the heavens, in order to fill the whole universe.)

Ephesians 4:10, ESV: He who descended is the one who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.)

Ephesians 4:10, KJV: He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)

Ephesians 4:10, NASB: He who descended is Himself also He who ascended far above all the heavens, so that He might fill all things.)

Ephesians 4:10, NLT: And the same one who descended is the one who ascended higher than all the heavens, so that he might fill the entire universe with himself.

Ephesians 4:10, CSB: The one who descended is also the one who ascended far above all the heavens, to fill all things.

What does Ephesians 4:10 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul continues his side-note from verse 9. The fact that Jesus ascended means He had to come to earth, first (Ephesians 4:9; John 1:1), and then return from earth to heaven. The reference to "above all the heavens" may be understood as "above the skies" since the same Greek word is used for sky and heaven. Jesus ascended to the heavenly realms, an area beyond the known physical world (Ephesians 6:12), and now sits at the right hand of the Father (Ephesians 1:20; Romans 8:34).

The final phrase "that he might fill all things" includes the sense of completion (Colossians 1:18–19; 2:9). Proverbs 30:4 poetically asks, "Who has ascended to heaven and come down?" referring to the Holy One, God (Proverbs 30:3). Colossians 1:19 says, "For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell." Jesus is God and could not be any more divine or any "fuller" than He already is.