Acts 7:29

ESV At this retort Moses fled and became an exile in the land of Midian, where he became the father of two sons.
NIV When Moses heard this, he fled to Midian, where he settled as a foreigner and had two sons.
NASB At this remark, MOSES FLED AND BECAME A STRANGER IN THE LAND OF MIDIAN, where he fathered two sons.
CSB "When he heard this, Moses fled and became an exile in the land of Midian, where he became the father of two sons.
NLT When Moses heard that, he fled the country and lived as a foreigner in the land of Midian. There his two sons were born.
KJV Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons.

What does Acts 7:29 mean?

This is a very short synopsis of Exodus 2:15–22 which summarizes Moses' second forty years. Moses, an Israelite who was raised as an Egyptian, murdered an Egyptian who was beating an Israelite. The next day, he came upon one Israelite abusing another and asked why they would fight since they were of the same people. The aggressor mocked Moses, asking if he was going to kill him, too. When Pharaoh discovered Moses had killed someone, he tried to kill Moses in return. Moses fled to Midian where he met and married Zipporah and had two sons, Gershom and Eliezer (Exodus 2:15–22; 18:3–4; Acts 7:23–28).

Midian is a region about the size of the Sinai Peninsula that sits on the Arabian Peninsula at the mouth where the Gulf of Aqaba feeds into the Red Sea. It was settled by the descendants of Midian, the son of Abraham and his second wife Keturah (Genesis 25:1–4). Moses' father-in-law was Jethro who is described as "a priest of Midian" (Exodus 2:16). Jethro is also called "Reuel," which means "friend of God," so it's possible Midian continued the worship of God as his father Abraham taught him. Unfortunately, the Israelites will have problems with the Midianites on their way to the Promised Land (Numbers 22; 25; 31).

Hebrews 11:24–27 gives an account that seems to contradict Moses' actions here. It says that Moses chose to identify with the Israelites over the Egyptians and left Egypt without fear. Hebrews 11:28, however, explains that the description is of Moses at the time of the exodus when he led the Israelites out of Egypt.
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