1 Peter 3:22 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

1 Peter 3:22, NIV: "who has gone into heaven and is at God's right hand--with angels, authorities and powers in submission to him."

1 Peter 3:22, ESV: "who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him."

1 Peter 3:22, KJV: "Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him."

1 Peter 3:22, NASB: "who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him."

1 Peter 3:22, NLT: "Now Christ has gone to heaven. He is seated in the place of honor next to God, and all the angels and authorities and powers accept his authority."

1 Peter 3:22, CSB: "who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God with angels, authorities, and powers subject to him."

What does 1 Peter 3:22 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Peter concluded the previous verse with a reference to the resurrection of Jesus Christ. He continues in this last verse of chapter 3 by describing where Jesus is right now. Peter was there the day Jesus ascended into heaven. He saw the Savior rise up into the sky with his own eyes. Now Peter reveals where Jesus went and what He is doing.

Jesus is today in heaven in the place of greatest honor at the right hand of God. He was reunited with His Father and remains there for now. God has given to Jesus a position of ultimate authority in the universe. He reigns over angels, authorities, and powers, including both human and supernatural powers. In fact, Jesus reigns over all of creation (Colossians 1:15–20).

With this verse, Peter may be making a connection to earlier passages in his letter, where Christians are commanded to be subject to every human authority. We can do this knowing that, in the end, Christ holds the ultimate authority over all.