1 John 3:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

1 John 3:14, NIV: "We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love each other. Anyone who does not love remains in death."

1 John 3:14, ESV: "We know that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brothers. Whoever does not love abides in death."

1 John 3:14, KJV: "We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death."

1 John 3:14, NASB: "We know that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brothers and sisters. The one who does not love remains in death."

1 John 3:14, NLT: "If we love our Christian brothers and sisters, it proves that we have passed from death to life. But a person who has no love is still dead."

1 John 3:14, CSB: "We know that we have passed from death to life because we love our brothers and sisters. The one who does not love remains in death."

What does 1 John 3:14 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

John next adds a key line of evidence that a person has moved from the realm of evil into the realm of God: love. John and his readers loved one another. The Greek root word translated here as "love" is agape. The term implies a selfless, self-sacrificing love focused on other people. Those who exhibit this kind of love give strong evidence to support that they are true believers.

In contrast, John taught that a lack of love is a sign of "abiding" in death. This concept of "abiding" is important, as the intended audience of this letter is Christian believers. Hatred, according to Jesus, is the spiritual equivalent to murder (Matthew 5:21–22). Christians are certainly capable of feeling hate, but such feelings are never the product of fellowship with Christ. As John words it, anyone who hates "abides in death." At the very least, this is serious sin. It is also a possible indication that the person has never had a relationship with Christ, at all.