Ruth 2:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Ruth 2:18, NIV: She carried it back to town, and her mother-in-law saw how much she had gathered. Ruth also brought out and gave her what she had left over after she had eaten enough.

Ruth 2:18, ESV: And she took it up and went into the city. Her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. She also brought out and gave her what food she had left over after being satisfied.

Ruth 2:18, KJV: And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed.

Ruth 2:18, NASB: And she picked it up and went into the city, and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. She also took some out and gave Naomi what she had left after she was satisfied.

Ruth 2:18, NLT: She carried it back into town and showed it to her mother-in-law. Ruth also gave her the roasted grain that was left over from her meal.

Ruth 2:18, CSB: She picked up the grain and went into the town, where her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. She brought out what she had left over from her meal and gave it to her.

What does Ruth 2:18 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Ruth accompanied her mother-in-law from Moab with more determination than planning. Her first morning, she left early to find a barley field and request permission to glean behind the harvesters (Ruth 2:2, 7). As a Moabite, she doesn't necessarily meet the qualifications of a sojourner who is allowed to glean (Deuteronomy 23:3–6; Leviticus 23:22). She needed to find a harvest manager or owner who would treat her with more than the legally required level of assistance (Ruth 2:2).

Fortunately, she happened upon the field owned by Boaz. Boaz had heard of her kindness toward Naomi and has made such accommodations that Ruth has had a very profitable day. Boaz even invited Ruth to lunch and fed her so much roasted grain she couldn't finish it all (Ruth 2:3–16).

Naomi knows none of this. She hasn't seen Ruth since early that morning. She has no idea if Ruth found a place that would let a single Moabite woman glean, or if she did so without being accosted by the hired harvesters. When Ruth arrives home, Naomi is shocked. Not only did Ruth find a place to glean, but she also brings back so much grain it would pay a male harvester for at least two weeks (Ruth 2:17). In addition, Ruth has brought the leftover roasted grain from her lunch.

Naturally, Naomi asks Ruth how this came to be. When Ruth mentions Boaz's name, Naomi realizes she knows him. He is a relative of her late husband and one of their kinsman-redeemers. If his generosity continues through the barley and wheat harvests, Ruth can glean enough to provide for them for a year. But he can also buy Naomi's husband's land and provide them with money to live on (Ruth 2:19–20). They may be okay after all.