Romans 15:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 15:12, NIV: And again, Isaiah says, 'The Root of Jesse will spring up, one who will arise to rule over the nations; in him the Gentiles will hope.'

Romans 15:12, ESV: And again Isaiah says, “The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope.”

Romans 15:12, KJV: And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.

Romans 15:12, NASB: Again Isaiah says, 'THERE SHALL COME THE ROOT OF JESSE, AND HE WHO ARISES TO RULE OVER THE GENTILES, IN HIM WILL THE GENTILES HOPE.'

Romans 15:12, NLT: And in another place Isaiah said, 'The heir to David's throne will come, and he will rule over the Gentiles. They will place their hope on him.'

Romans 15:12, CSB: And again, Isaiah says,The root of Jesse will appear,the one who rises to rule the Gentiles;the Gentiles will hope in him.

What does Romans 15:12 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul is offering quotations from Old Testament Scriptures to support his recent claim. He is teaching that God's plan all along, has been for both the Jews and the Gentiles to come to faith in Christ. Those prophecies may not have explicitly spelled out how this would come to pass, but Paul is eager for his readers to see that the prophecies always pointed to the inclusion of the Gentiles in the praise of God.

Now Paul refers to something written by the prophet Isaiah in a version of Isaiah 11:10–12. "The root of Jesse" refers to the descendant of Jesse who will rise to rule over Israel and all the Gentile nations. This is a prophecy about the coming of Israel's promised Messiah. The Gentiles, however, will not merely become the servants of the Messiah. The verse ends with the statement that they will hope in Him.

Paul is connecting that Scripture to the truth that Christ has become Lord of all peoples, and the Gentiles who come to God through faith in Christ have placed their hope in Him for their salvation. Paul's bottom line is that Jesus is the fulfillment of all these Old Testament writings both for Israel and for the Gentile nations (Galatians 3:28–29).