Romans 13:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 13:9, NIV: The commandments, 'You shall not commit adultery,' 'You shall not murder,' 'You shall not steal,' 'You shall not covet,' and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

Romans 13:9, ESV: For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,” and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”

Romans 13:9, KJV: For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

Romans 13:9, NASB: For this, 'YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, YOU SHALL NOT MURDER, YOU SHALL NOT STEAL, YOU SHALL NOT COVET,' and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.'

Romans 13:9, NLT: For the commandments say, 'You must not commit adultery. You must not murder. You must not steal. You must not covet.' These--and other such commandments--are summed up in this one commandment: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'

Romans 13:9, CSB: The commandments, Do not commit adultery; do not murder; do not steal; do not covet; and any other commandment, are summed up by this commandment: Love your neighbor as yourself.

What does Romans 13:9 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul has written in the previous verse that the person who loves another has fulfilled the law. Now he begins to explain what he meant by that statement.

As an example of the entire law, Paul lists four of the Ten Commandments, those forbidding adultery, murder, stealing, and coveting. Paul then adds the statement "and any other command." This is the equivalent of the modern "etcetera," or "etc." He has in mind all the commands included in the law, especially those about human relationships.

All those commands can be summed up in the word "love" from the command in Leviticus 19:18, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." As Paul will show in the following verse, you cannot love someone and murder them or cheat on them or steal from them or covet their belongings. In this way, if we will obey the command to love our neighbors, we will fulfill all the other commands by default.