Romans 11:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 11:2, NIV: God did not reject his people, whom he foreknew. Don't you know what Scripture says in the passage about Elijah--how he appealed to God against Israel:

Romans 11:2, ESV: God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel?

Romans 11:2, KJV: God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,

Romans 11:2, NASB: God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel?

Romans 11:2, NLT: No, God has not rejected his own people, whom he chose from the very beginning. Do you realize what the Scriptures say about this? Elijah the prophet complained to God about the people of Israel and said,

Romans 11:2, CSB: God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Or don't you know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah--how he pleads with God against Israel?

What does Romans 11:2 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul asked rhetorically in the previous verse if God had rejected His people Israel. Now Paul states definitively that God has not rejected His people. Paul describes them as a people God "foreknew." Paul described God as foreknowing another group of people earlier in this letter. He wrote that those God foreknew He also predestined to become like Christ (Romans 8:29). In that passage, Paul described all who trust in Christ for salvation, including both Jews and Gentiles.

Here, though, Paul seems to describe God as foreknowing Israel as a nation or a family (Amos 3:2). God knew Israel as His people before they existed as a people. One of God's many promises to Israel is that He would never forsake or abandon His them (Psalm 94:14; 1 Samuel 12:22). That promise stands, Paul writes.

He then introduces new evidence, pointing to a conversation between the prophet Elijah and God about the people of Israel. Paul will quote Elijah's complaint in the following verse.