Romans 10:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 10:16, NIV: But not all the Israelites accepted the good news. For Isaiah says, 'Lord, who has believed our message?'

Romans 10:16, ESV: But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?”

Romans 10:16, KJV: But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?

Romans 10:16, NASB: However, they did not all heed the good news; for Isaiah says, 'LORD, WHO HAS BELIEVED OUR REPORT?'

Romans 10:16, NLT: But not everyone welcomes the Good News, for Isaiah the prophet said, 'LORD, who has believed our message?'

Romans 10:16, CSB: But not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, Lord, who has believed our message?

What does Romans 10:16 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul, writing in the previous verse, quoted Isaiah 52:7 and seemingly applied it to himself and the other apostles commissioned by Jesus to preach the gospel of faith in Christ to the world. That verse says, "How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!"

Now Paul seems to say that everything needed has been given to Israel to bring them to salvation. Each required step from the previous two verses has been fulfilled. Christ sent preachers. The apostles preached. The Jewish people heard. The problem, Paul now insists, is that the Jewish people did not believe. More specifically, Paul writes that they did not "obey" the gospel.

For Paul, failure to believe in Christ amounts to more than just an inability to accept the truth of the gospel. Paul calls it disobedience, a stubborn refusal to receive the Messiah and believe in Jesus. This is consistent with the Bible's general teaching, which is that a person's willingness to believe—or not—is always more influential than knowledge or arguments (John 5:39–40; 7:17).

This time, Paul quotes from Isaiah 53:1 to support his case to his Jewish readers. In that verse, the prophet asks the Lord, "Who has believed what he has heard from us?" Paul is showing that Israel's tendency to disobey, specifically by refusing to believe, goes all the way back to the days of the prophets.