Proverbs 20:27

ESV The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, searching all his innermost parts.
NIV The human spirit is the lamp of the LORD that sheds light on one's inmost being.
NASB The spirit of a person is the lamp of the LORD, Searching all the innermost parts of his being.
CSB The Lord's lamp sheds light on a person's life, searching the innermost parts.
NLT The LORD's light penetrates the human spirit, exposing every hidden motive.
KJV The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

What does Proverbs 20:27 mean?

Man's spirit possesses thought, motives, intentions, feelings, and desires, all of which the Lord tests. God is aware of every aspect of our inner lives (1 Samuel 16:7; Hebrews 4:13). A person's spirit illuminates who and what they really are (Luke 6:45). A person's spirit is seen by God; it shows everything needed to know to properly judge them (Psalm 7:11; Psalm 139:7). In biblical terminology, "light" is associated with goodness, as well as truth and knowledge. God has access to the "light" of a person's spirit: factual truth about their innermost being.

When Jesus was in Jerusalem for the Passover, He cleansed the temple by forcing out corrupt businessmen (John 2:13–17). He knew that their motives were impure. As a result, local religious leaders (John 2:18) questioned Him. Many people accepted Jesus' message because of the miraculous things He did (John 2:23). In that same passage, it was noted that Jesus knew what was happening in each person's spirit (John 2:24–25). Indeed, the Lord "knows the secrets of the heart" (Psalm 44:21).
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