Matthew 4:13

ESV And leaving Nazareth he went and lived in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali,
NIV Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali--
NASB and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali.
CSB He left Nazareth and went to live in Capernaum by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali.
NLT He went first to Nazareth, then left there and moved to Capernaum, beside the Sea of Galilee, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali.
KJV And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:

What does Matthew 4:13 mean?

Jesus has returned to His hometown of Nazareth, the place Joseph brought Him and His mother after returning from Egypt (Matthew 2:19–23). Jesus, once again, seems to have returned home to avoid the attention of the local authorities in the region of Judea. John the Baptist had been arrested and imprisoned there for preaching about the coming of the Messiah (Matthew 4:12).

This verse describes Jesus moving from Nazareth, a hill town in central Galilee and west of the Jordan River, to Capernaum, a fishing village on the northern coast of the Sea of Galilee. Why did Jesus make the move? One reason may be that He could no longer stay in Nazareth. Luke's gospel describes a violent reaction at the synagogue in Nazareth after Jesus revealed His purpose and preached a harsh message there. The people rose up to kill Jesus, but He walked away.

Matthew points out that Jesus' new home in Capernaum lies within the ancient territory of the Israelite tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali, given to them in the time of Joshua. In the following verses, Matthew will show how Jesus' residence there fulfills yet another prophecy about the Messiah.
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