Matthew 13:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Matthew 13:11, NIV: He replied, 'Because the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.

Matthew 13:11, ESV: And he answered them, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.

Matthew 13:11, KJV: He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.

Matthew 13:11, NASB: And Jesus answered them, 'To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.

Matthew 13:11, NLT: He replied, 'You are permitted to understand the secrets of the Kingdom of Heaven, but others are not.

Matthew 13:11, CSB: He answered, "Because the secrets of the kingdom of heaven have been given for you to know, but it has not been given to them.

What does Matthew 13:11 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Jesus' disciples, including at least the Twelve (Matthew 10:1–4) and perhaps others, have come to Him about the parables He is teaching the crowds. It is likely this conversation takes place after Jesus has finished teaching the crowds while sitting in the boat on the Sea of Galilee (Matthew 13:1–2). The disciples have asked Jesus why He is speaking to the people in parables.

When Jesus uses them, parables often take the form of small stories. These are meant to symbolize larger truths about the kingdom of heaven. Jesus' answer shows how differently He sees the motives of the large crowds that come to hear Him, as compared to His own disciples.

Jesus tells the disciples that it has been given to them to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven. It has not been given to those in the crowds, the general population of Israel, at large. Jesus wants His disciples to know that a) He expects them to understand the parables and the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, b) their understanding of those things is a gift to them, not a result of their own effort or wisdom; and c) that others in Israel have not been given the same gift.

What are the secrets of the kingdom of heaven? Jesus' parables were intended to reveal how the kingdom of heaven worked and what it was like. The following verses will describe more specifically what these secrets are that are given to some and kept from others.