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Malachi 3:11

ESV I will rebuke the devourer for you, so that it will not destroy the fruits of your soil, and your vine in the field shall not fail to bear, says the LORD of hosts.
NIV I will prevent pests from devouring your crops, and the vines in your fields will not drop their fruit before it is ripe,' says the LORD Almighty.
NASB Then I will rebuke the devourer for you, so that it will not destroy the fruit of your ground; nor will the vine in the field prove fruitless to you,' says the Lord of armies.
CSB I will rebuke the devourer for you, so that it will not ruin the produce of your land and your vine in your field will not fail to produce fruit," says the Lord of Armies.
NLT Your crops will be abundant, for I will guard them from insects and disease. Your grapes will not fall from the vine before they are ripe,' says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.
KJV And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.

What does Malachi 3:11 mean?

Israel's covenant agreement with God included both positive and negative promises. If Israel complied, God had promised blessings. If Israel disobeyed, God vowed consequences (Deuteronomy 28:15–68). Verse 10 was an appeal for Israel to honor this agreement by bringing "the full tithe" to God's house. Prior verses, such as Malachi 3:8, explained that withholding part of God's required tithe was an act of robbery.

In this case, it seems that the primary benefit promised is agricultural. Compared to modern farmers, ancient cultivators struggled greatly to combat insects and other natural threats to their crops. God's assurance that "the devourer" would not affect their crops is a promise of prosperity, so long as Israel honors their end of the agreement.

As with prior verses, it's important to remember that this two-sided covenant is between Israel and God, not between God and all Christian believers. In other words, this part of Malachi does not ensure material prosperity to believers who serve, donate to, or tithe on behalf of God. God certainly blesses those who are generous towards His church (Philippians 4:14–19), but this is not always a material return.
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