Judges 11:29 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Judges 11:29, NIV: Then the Spirit of the LORD came on Jephthah. He crossed Gilead and Manasseh, passed through Mizpah of Gilead, and from there he advanced against the Ammonites.

Judges 11:29, ESV: Then the Spirit of the LORD was upon Jephthah, and he passed through Gilead and Manasseh and passed on to Mizpah of Gilead, and from Mizpah of Gilead he passed on to the Ammonites.

Judges 11:29, KJV: Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of Ammon.

Judges 11:29, NASB: Now the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed through Gilead and Manasseh; then he passed through Mizpah of Gilead, and from Mizpah of Gilead he went on to the sons of Ammon.

Judges 11:29, NLT: At that time the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he went throughout the land of Gilead and Manasseh, including Mizpah in Gilead, and from there he led an army against the Ammonites.

Judges 11:29, CSB: The Spirit of the Lord came on Jephthah, who traveled through Gilead and Manasseh, and then through Mizpah of Gilead. He crossed over to the Ammonites from Mizpah of Gilead.

What does Judges 11:29 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This is the text's first indication that God has legitimately endorsed Jephthah as a deliverer of Israel from her enemies. It's also the first indication to the reader that the Lord is responding to Israel's repentance from serving other gods and request for deliverance (Judges 10:10–16).

God sends His Spirit, the Holy Spirit, on Jephthah. This apparently happens as Jephthah seeks to recruit additional fighters to take on the Ammonites. The Holy Spirit also came on Gideon when the time came to recruit fighters and attack Israel's enemies (Judges 6:34). The sense of this passage is that Jephthah is supernaturally empowered to raise and lead an army of God's people into battle.

This verse vaguely describes Jephthah's route as he passes through both Gilead and Manasseh. He returns to Mizpah in Gilead (Judges 11:11) before attacking the Ammonites. Passing "through Manasseh" suggests Jephthah may have raised fighters outside of his region of Gilead, as well as from within.