Judges 10:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Judges 10:1, NIV: After the time of Abimelek, a man of Issachar named Tola son of Puah, the son of Dodo, rose to save Israel. He lived in Shamir, in the hill country of Ephraim.

Judges 10:1, ESV: After Abimelech there arose to save Israel Tola the son of Puah, son of Dodo, a man of Issachar, and he lived at Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.

Judges 10:1, KJV: And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.

Judges 10:1, NASB: Now after Abimelech died, Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar, rose up to save Israel; and he lived in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.

Judges 10:1, NLT: After Abimelech died, Tola son of Puah, son of Dodo, was the next person to rescue Israel. He was from the tribe of Issachar but lived in the town of Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.

Judges 10:1, CSB: After Abimelech, Tola son of Puah, son of Dodo became judge and began to deliver Israel. He was from Issachar and lived in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.

What does Judges 10:1 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Abimelech's reign as king of the region around the city of Shechem ended with his violent death (Judges 9:52–54). This brought a sad end to the story of his father Gideon, whom God had raised up as a judge and deliverer over Israel (Judges 8:28).

The book of Judges uses the Hebrew term sōpetim', from the root word shaphat, which is translated into English as "judge." The Hebrew word means much more than a legal authority, including concepts of vindication, vengeance, defense, rescue, and advocacy. So far, Scripture has described Israel's rescue by people like Gideon and Ehud with extended narratives. The first verses of chapter 10 mention two men who served as judges, though little information is provided about them. Some scholars refer to these as "minor" or "secondary" judges.

The first new judge mentioned is a man named Tola. He arose to save Israel after the time of Abimelech. It's possible his rescue involved resolving the chaos brought about by Abimelech's viciousness in and around Shechem.

Nothing is known of Tola's father Puah or his grandfather Dodo. He was from the tribe of Issachar and given the same name as one of the original Issachar's four sons (Genesis 46:13). However, Tola operated from a town called Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim. Some scholars suggest Shamir later became Samaria, but this is uncertain. Shamir was likely not far from Shechem.