Genesis 49:13

ESV “Zebulun shall dwell at the shore of the sea; he shall become a haven for ships, and his border shall be at Sidon.
NIV Zebulun will live by the seashore and become a haven for ships; his border will extend toward Sidon.
NASB 'Zebulun will reside at the seashore; And he shall be a harbor for ships, And his flank shall be toward Sidon.
CSB Zebulun will live by the seashore and will be a harbor for ships, and his territory will be next to Sidon.
NLT 'Zebulun will settle by the seashore and will be a harbor for ships; his borders will extend to Sidon.
KJV Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon.

What does Genesis 49:13 mean?

Jacob is pronouncing a prophetic, poetic oracle about each of his twelve sons. In the previous passage, description of Judah's people was lengthy. Zebulun (Genesis 30:19–20) gets a single short comment.

The prophetic statement here points to a time when the people of Zebulun would be associated with sea trade. The border of his lands would be near the Phoenician city of Sidon. It is unclear what time, exactly, this refers to; Zebulun's actual settlement will not be on the seashore (Joshua 19:10–11). Some scholars suggest Zebulun may have settled along the seashore temporarily before making their permanent home elsewhere or that the people benefited from trade which was directly tied to sea traffic. Parts of Jacob's prophecy look far into the future, at the earthly reign of the Messiah (Revelation 20:4), which may see this fulfilled more directly and literally.
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