Genesis 3:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 3:10, NIV: "He answered, 'I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.'"

Genesis 3:10, ESV: "And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.”"

Genesis 3:10, KJV: "And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself."

Genesis 3:10, NASB: "He said, 'I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.'"

Genesis 3:10, NLT: "He replied, 'I heard you walking in the garden, so I hid. I was afraid because I was naked.'"

Genesis 3:10, CSB: "And he said, "I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.""

What does Genesis 3:10 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In the previous verse, God called out to the hiding Adam: "Where are you?" This used a singular term, meaning one "you," not a plural "you" which would include both Adam and Eve. God asked this question in the same way parents ask their disobedient child to explain an incident. He already knows the truth, but the question gives the child an opportunity to confess and do the right thing.

In this verse, Adam answers. It's easy to picture him wide-eyed, desperate in the awareness of what he has done. He is full of shame at his newly-perceived nakedness, and fearful of how God will respond. It's crucial to remember that this moment is unprecedented. Human sin had never happened before. No process existed for confession, judgment, or restoration. Adam, in this moment, honestly has no idea what to expect. He has no knowledge of how God will react, and knows only a desperate need to hide his unholy sin from a holy God.

Adam's response is not the whole story, of course. He does not immediately confess to eating from the restricted tree. He admits his fear, likely an entirely new emotion. He focuses on his nakedness, not wanting to be seen by God.