Ephesians 6:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Ephesians 6:23, NIV: Peace to the brothers and sisters, and love with faith from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 6:23, ESV: Peace be to the brothers, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 6:23, KJV: Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 6:23, NASB: Peace be to the brothers and sisters, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 6:23, NLT: Peace be with you, dear brothers and sisters, and may God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ give you love with faithfulness.

Ephesians 6:23, CSB: Peace to the brothers and sisters, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

What does Ephesians 6:23 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul offers his concluding words over verses 23 and 24, including another mention of peace. This verse uses the Greek word adelphois, which literally means "brothers" and generally refers to males. In context, however, it seems to mean both men and women, as "brothers and sisters" in Christ. Earlier in Ephesians, Paul made reference to Christians in terms encompassing all people, regardless of gender (Ephesians 4:8). Paul's wish for peace extends to all believers in Ephesus.

In addition to peace, Paul offered "love with faith." These traits are acknowledged as "from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ." Paul opened the letter with a dual emphasis on Father and Christ and concludes with them together. In Paul's mind, he understood the Father and Son are one God.

Interestingly, a special symmetry is provided in this verse. Peace is to the men and women of the church, with faith and love, from God the Father and Jesus Christ (Brothers/sisters, love/faith, Father/Son). Some of Paul's other letters end with similar statements (2 Corinthians 13:11–14).