Acts 13:27 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Acts 13:27, NIV: "The people of Jerusalem and their rulers did not recognize Jesus, yet in condemning him they fulfilled the words of the prophets that are read every Sabbath."

Acts 13:27, ESV: "For those who live in Jerusalem and their rulers, because they did not recognize him nor understand the utterances of the prophets, which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled them by condemning him."

Acts 13:27, KJV: "For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him."

Acts 13:27, NASB: "For those who live in Jerusalem, and their rulers, recognizing neither Him nor the declarations of the prophets which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled these by condemning Him."

Acts 13:27, NLT: "The people in Jerusalem and their leaders did not recognize Jesus as the one the prophets had spoken about. Instead, they condemned him, and in doing this they fulfilled the prophets' words that are read every Sabbath."

Acts 13:27, CSB: "Since the residents of Jerusalem and their rulers did not recognize him or the sayings of the prophets that are read every Sabbath, they have fulfilled their words by condemning him."

What does Acts 13:27 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul has shown how God brought salvation throughout Israel's history. Near the end of that recitation, he reminded his audience how God promised one last Savior who would sit on David's throne. The direct prophecy, referenced in Acts 13:23, may be from Psalm 132:11–12. But the Old Testament has many, many prophecies about Jesus, some very specific, such as how He didn't give a defense while on trial (Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 27:11–14) and how He was pierced (Isaiah 53:5; John 20:25).

We don't have specific details about first-century synagogue services. Likely, the leader of the synagogue chose seven readers who read from the Law and the Prophets. Then, a knowledgeable man was asked to give a sermon, as Paul is doing here. The regular service was held on the Sabbath with special services on Mondays and Thursdays.

Even in Jerusalem, where the temple still stood, there were several synagogues throughout the city for different groups and languages, and each followed a similar liturgy. They regularly read passages that should have told them Jesus of Nazareth was the Jewish Messiah. But they ignored Scripture in favor of social influence and had Jesus killed, thereby fulfilling the prophecies (Isaiah 53:4–9).

The Jews in Pisidian Antioch, in the middle of modern-day Asia Minor, known of John the Baptist's message of repentance, but they might not know about Jesus' crucifixion. Paul gives them the basics in the following verses.