Acts 13:19 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Acts 13:19, NIV: "and he overthrew seven nations in Canaan, giving their land to his people as their inheritance."

Acts 13:19, ESV: "And after destroying seven nations in the land of Canaan, he gave them their land as an inheritance."

Acts 13:19, KJV: "And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot."

Acts 13:19, NASB: "When He had destroyed seven nations in the land of Canaan, He distributed their land as an inheritance—all of which took about 450 years."

Acts 13:19, NLT: "Then he destroyed seven nations in Canaan and gave their land to Israel as an inheritance."

Acts 13:19, CSB: "and after destroying seven nations in the land of Canaan, he gave them their land as an inheritance."

What does Acts 13:19 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The first part of Paul's message to the Jews in Pisidian Antioch focuses on how God has saved the Israelites throughout their history (Acts 13:16–25). He saved them from slavery in Egypt and from judgment when they grumbled and rebelled against Him. When they reached the Promised Land, He saved them from the armies of seven inhabiting nations: the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites (Deuteronomy 7:1).

Something Paul doesn't mention, but which the Jews in his audience know, is that God only saved the Israelites when they trusted Him. When the Israelites had faith in and obeyed God, their armies won (Joshua 6). When they disobeyed God and lost faith in Him, their enemies won (Joshua 7). The list of land and people unconquered by the Israelites includes the Jebusites (Joshua 15:63), who remained in Jerusalem until David's time (2 Samuel 5:6–7), and several tribes of the Canaanites (Joshua 16:10; 17:12–13). In addition, the Gibeonites tricked the Israelites into letting them stay (Joshua 9).

Overall, the Israelites did receive their inheritance—just not all of it (see Genesis 15:18–21). Presumably, the Jews will inhabit the borders God promised during the millennial kingdom. At that time, God will soften the hearts of His people, and they will gladly accept His rule and His blessings. In the present, Paul calls the people to trust in God's Savior for the forgiveness of their sins (Acts 13:23–25, 38–41).