Acts 12:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Acts 12:9, NIV: "Peter followed him out of the prison, but he had no idea that what the angel was doing was really happening; he thought he was seeing a vision."

Acts 12:9, ESV: "And he went out and followed him. He did not know that what was being done by the angel was real, but thought he was seeing a vision."

Acts 12:9, KJV: "And he went out, and followed him; and wist not that it was true which was done by the angel; but thought he saw a vision."

Acts 12:9, NASB: "And he went out and continued to follow, and he did not know that what was being done by the angel was real, but thought he was seeing a vision."

Acts 12:9, NLT: "So Peter left the cell, following the angel. But all the time he thought it was a vision. He didn't realize it was actually happening."

Acts 12:9, CSB: "So he went out and followed, and he did not know that what the angel did was really happening, but he thought he was seeing a vision."

What does Acts 12:9 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

A moment ago, Peter was fast asleep, sitting in chains in a prison in Jerusalem, flanked by Roman soldiers. Herod Agrippa I had waited until the Feast of Unleavened Bread was complete, but now he is ready to do the Sanhedrin a favor that will ensure their goodwill: execute Peter as he has James, the brother of John (Acts 12:1–2). An angel appears, nudges Peter until he awakens, and tells him to dress. By this time, Peter has no fear of death, but he has had experience with visions, so though he obeys, he's not exactly sure what's going on (Acts 12:3–8).

Not long before, Peter had a vision of a sheet that lowered from heaven displaying an assortment of animals. A voice told Peter to kill and eat even though some of them were banned by the Mosaic law. Still, the voice told him "What God has made clean, do not call common" (Acts 10:15). After a few back-and-forth interactions and a trip to Caesarea Maritima, Peter came to realize the animals represented people, and it was time for Jesus' story to come to the Gentiles (Acts 10).

So, Peter thinks, God must have another significant message for him. It's not clear why Peter doesn't assume the obvious—that a real angel is really helping him escape—as it's happened before (Acts 5:19). But Peter so trusts God's plan for him that he's able to sleep the night of his execution and accept a vision of escape rather than the real thing.