1 Timothy 2:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

1 Timothy 2:14, NIV: And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.

1 Timothy 2:14, ESV: and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor.

1 Timothy 2:14, KJV: And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.

1 Timothy 2:14, NASB: And it was not Adam who was deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a wrongdoer.

1 Timothy 2:14, NLT: And it was not Adam who was deceived by Satan. The woman was deceived, and sin was the result.

1 Timothy 2:14, CSB: And Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and transgressed.

What does 1 Timothy 2:14 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In verse 13, Paul referenced the order in which Adam and Eve were created (Genesis 1—2) as support for the idea of men taking the primary leadership role in spiritual matters. Continuing his references to Adam and Eve, Paul now refers to the fall of mankind. This catastrophe is charged to Adam: the sin is considered his, though the first to actually disobey was Eve (Romans 5:12). Paul specifies here that "Adam was not deceived." This clarifies that even though Adam ate the forbidden fruit, he did not do so due to the serpent's influence; he did so by taking the fruit from Eve (Genesis 3:17). Instead, "the woman was deceived." In Genesis 3:13, Eve said, "The serpent deceived me, and I ate."

All people in history have done as Eve: they have sinned and are "transgressors" (Galatians 2:18; James 2:9, 11). Paul was not writing to make Eve or women appear as worse sinners than men. Instead, he was grounding his teaching about church leadership in the order of creation: man, then woman. All human beings are sinners in need of the grace of God (Galatians 3:28; Ephesians 2:8–9). Paul will go on in the next verse to provide an important contrast related to Eve's role as the first transgressor.