1 Timothy 2:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

1 Timothy 2:13, NIV: For Adam was formed first, then Eve.

1 Timothy 2:13, ESV: For Adam was formed first, then Eve;

1 Timothy 2:13, KJV: For Adam was first formed, then Eve.

1 Timothy 2:13, NASB: For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve.

1 Timothy 2:13, NLT: For God made Adam first, and afterward he made Eve.

1 Timothy 2:13, CSB: For Adam was formed first, then Eve.

What does 1 Timothy 2:13 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This short verse, consisting of only six Greek words, states the basis of Paul's teaching regarding women in the church. This stance, given in the prior two verses, was not based on his own preference, but on the Torah. His reference is to Genesis chapters 1 and 2. Those passages affirm God's creation of Adam as the first man. Jesus affirmed this same truth in Matthew 19:3–6.

Eve was formed second, as the first woman on earth (Genesis 2:21–23). She was made from Adam (Genesis 2:21). This emphasis on order is Paul's guide for how men and women are to function in church worship gatherings. Men are to lead in prayer (1 Timothy 2:1–2, 8) and in teaching (1 Timothy 3:1–7). Women can certainly perform both of these functions, but cannot overstep their authority by serving in roles in which a male elder is expected to lead (1 Timothy 2:8–12).