1 Samuel 2:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

1 Samuel 2:10, NIV: those who oppose the LORD will be broken. The Most High will thunder from heaven; the LORD will judge the ends of the earth. 'He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.'

1 Samuel 2:10, ESV: The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; against them he will thunder in heaven. The LORD will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.”

1 Samuel 2:10, KJV: The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.

1 Samuel 2:10, NASB: Those who contend with the LORD will be terrified; Against them He will thunder in the heavens, The LORD will judge the ends of the earth; And He will give strength to His king, And will exalt the horn of His anointed.'

1 Samuel 2:10, NLT: Those who fight against the LORD will be shattered. He thunders against them from heaven; the LORD judges throughout the earth. He gives power to his king; he increases the strength of his anointed one.'

1 Samuel 2:10, CSB: Those who oppose the Lord will be shattered; he will thunder in the heavens against them. The Lord will judge the ends of the earth. He will give power to his king; he will lift up the horn of his anointed.

What does 1 Samuel 2:10 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Hannah's song ends with a bit of prophecy that sets up the story of Samuel and the kings of Israel whom he will help bring to power. She declares that God's enemies will be broken to pieces. God will thunder against them from heaven. The one who controls all things and can reverse any circumstance can easily defeat His enemies.

There is nowhere anyone can hide from God's judgment of their actions. He will judge everyone to the ends of the earth (Hebrews 4:13). All who oppose Him will be defeated (Revelation 20:7–15).

Finally, Hannah says that the Lord will give strength to His king and exalt His anointed one. References to a "horn" in these contexts imply strength and dignity. The word for an anointed one, mashiyach, can also mean Messiah. Hannah's song may be pointing forward to the ultimate King who will one day judge the earth and bring salvation to God's people. It more likely points forward to the kings of Israel Samuel, Hannah's son, will anoint into power over God's people in his lifetime (1 Samuel 9; 16).