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1 Corinthians 11:19

ESV for there must be factions among you in order that those who are genuine among you may be recognized.
NIV No doubt there have to be differences among you to show which of you have God’s approval.
NASB For there also have to be factions among you, so that those who are approved may become evident among you.
CSB Indeed, it is necessary that there be factions among you, so that those who are approved may be recognized among you.
NLT But, of course, there must be divisions among you so that you who have God’s approval will be recognized!
KJV For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
NKJV For there must also be factions among you, that those who are approved may be recognized among you.

What does 1 Corinthians 11:19 mean?

Reports have come to Paul that the church in Corinth is even divided in their practice of the Lord's Supper. He now says this is believable. Part of that is because the believers in Corinth were separating into cliques based on loyalty to certain teachers (1 Corinthians 1:11–12).

Paul also says he can believe this because factions reveal who is genuine in the practice of their faith in Christ. Put another way, divisions over issues such as these clarify which of them has God's approval for their faithfulness in doing what is right. If misunderstood, this statement would seem contradictory. Paul has spent much of the letter telling believers to avoid divisions (1 Corinthians 1:10) and to set aside their own "rights" for the good of others (1 Corinthians 8:12–13). To call factions desirable would turn those prior statements upside down.

However, that is neither what Paul has said, nor what he means. He has referred to this type of division as something expected, not something appreciated. Why are factions or divisions necessary to reveal who is approved of by God? Wouldn't unity among all the people show that all were being genuine in their faith? In practical terms, division, though never desirable, sometimes serves the purpose of showing who has the conviction to stand for what is right even when others are not doing so.
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