Revelation 10:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Revelation 10:2, NIV: "He was holding a little scroll, which lay open in his hand. He planted his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land,"

Revelation 10:2, ESV: "He had a little scroll open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea, and his left foot on the land,"

Revelation 10:2, KJV: "And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth,"

Revelation 10:2, NASB: "and he had in his hand a little scroll, which was open. He placed his right foot on the sea and his left on the land;"

Revelation 10:2, NLT: "And in his hand was a small scroll that had been opened. He stood with his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land."

Revelation 10:2, CSB: "and he held a little scroll opened in his hand. He put his right foot on the sea, his left on the land,"

What does Revelation 10:2 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Though the Bible does not give an exact identification, this verse adds further support to the belief that the mighty angel described in verse 1 is Jesus Christ. In chapter 5 Jesus, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, prevails to open the seven-sealed scroll (Revelation 5:5–7). Here, this "mighty angel" holds a little scroll open in his hand. This scroll appears to be different from the scroll of chapter 5. The word for "scroll" here is biblaridion, whereas the scroll in chapter 5 is biblion. Perhaps the little scroll contains the mighty angel's orders for what he is to do.

The mighty angel plants his feet on the sea and on the land. This action suggests he has full authority over the sea, probably the Mediterranean Sea, and the land, probably Israel. This action also suggests that he claims both the sea and the land as his possessions, or at least that they are under his control. Interestingly, the seal and trumpet judgments that Jesus initiates seem to target the Mediterranean region and the land of Israel—in contrast, the future bowl judgments explicitly are said to affect the entire earth. In the tribulation, two beasts—evil men—hold diabolical control over, possibly headquartered in these regions (Revelation 13), but when Jesus returns to earth He judges these beasts and takes possession of the entire earth. Then He rules as king over all the earth (Psalm 47:2).