Ephesians 3:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Ephesians 3:10, NIV: His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God should be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly realms,

Ephesians 3:10, ESV: so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places.

Ephesians 3:10, KJV: To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

Ephesians 3:10, NASB: so that the multifaceted wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places.

Ephesians 3:10, NLT: God's purpose in all this was to use the church to display his wisdom in its rich variety to all the unseen rulers and authorities in the heavenly places.

Ephesians 3:10, CSB: This is so that God's multi-faceted wisdom may now be made known through the church to the rulers and authorities in the heavens.

What does Ephesians 3:10 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The revealing of the mystery in their generation had great implications (Ephesians 3:3–6). Paul wrote that the community of Christian believers—the church—was the means to reveal the wisdom of God in this mystery. Interestingly, this specific revelation is made to "rulers and authorities in the heavenly places." Who are these rulers and authorities? The mention of heavenly places includes the spiritual realm (Ephesians 6:12). Those in the spiritual realm could only include God (Father, Son, and Spirit), holy angels, Satan, and demons. Since the focus is on revelation, and God already knows all things, Paul appears to be speaking of angels.

Paul's implication is that God's wisdom is becoming known, even among angels of the spiritual realm, as a result of what is taking place through the church. Ephesians 6:12 suggests that this includes both loyal angels and the fallen angels, who serve Satan, who is also a fallen angel. This also means angelic beings are not omniscient; they can learn and grow in wisdom. Certain mysteries of God have been hidden from those in the spiritual realm as well. First Peter 1:12 also mentions that there are certain "things into which angels long to look."