Acts 28:25

ESV And disagreeing among themselves, they departed after Paul had made one statement: “The Holy Spirit was right in saying to your fathers through Isaiah the prophet:
NIV They disagreed among themselves and began to leave after Paul had made this final statement: 'The Holy Spirit spoke the truth to your ancestors when he said through Isaiah the prophet:
NASB And when they disagreed with one another, they began leaving after Paul said one parting statement: 'The Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers,
CSB Disagreeing among themselves, they began to leave after Paul made one statement: "The Holy Spirit was right in saying to your ancestors through the prophet Isaiah
NLT And after they had argued back and forth among themselves, they left with this final word from Paul: 'The Holy Spirit was right when he said to your ancestors through Isaiah the prophet,
KJV And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers,

What does Acts 28:25 mean?

Jewish leaders in Rome have finally heard Paul's explanation that Jesus of Nazareth fulfills the prophecies of the Jewish Messiah. Paul has wanted to do this for years. His greatest hope is that his people will accept Jesus as their Messiah; he is even willing to be condemned to hell if that's what it would take (Romans 9:1–5).

Jesus told Ananias that Paul was Jesus' instrument "to carry [His] name before the Gentiles and kings and the children of Israel" (Acts 9:15). In every situation—every new town—Paul has prioritized the Jews. Every time he enters a new city, he first goes to the synagogue or the place of meeting and introduces the Jews and devout Gentiles to Jesus. In almost every city, some Jews commit to Jesus, but most don't. This breaks Paul's heart. Israel is God's chosen people: chosen to serve God, be blessed by God, and to present the Messiah for the salvation of the world. The Messiah has come, and the Jews should be spreading the message (Acts 1:8). If the Jews as a nation refuse to accept their Messiah, there is little purpose for the nation's continued existence. Indeed, between ten and fifteen years after this meeting, the Romans destroy Jerusalem and the Jews do not become a sovereign nation again until 1948.

As the return of Christ nears, God will once again focus on His plan for Israel, this time through His new covenant (Jeremiah 31). God promises, "For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people" (Jeremiah 31:33).

Until then, Paul increasingly realizes that Israel in the church age is better represented by the prophecy in Isaiah 6:9–10: a people who see but don't understand, with dull hearts and deaf ears (Acts 28:26–27).
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