Acts 18:24

ESV Now a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria, came to Ephesus. He was an eloquent man, competent in the Scriptures.
NIV Meanwhile a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria, came to Ephesus. He was a learned man, with a thorough knowledge of the Scriptures.
NASB Now a Jew named Apollos, an Alexandrian by birth, an eloquent man, came to Ephesus; and he was proficient in the Scriptures.
CSB Now a Jew named Apollos, a native Alexandrian, an eloquent man who was competent in the use of the Scriptures, arrived in Ephesus.
NLT Meanwhile, a Jew named Apollos, an eloquent speaker who knew the Scriptures well, had arrived in Ephesus from Alexandria in Egypt.
KJV And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.

What does Acts 18:24 mean?

This is our introduction to Apollos. He is a teacher of the Hebrew Scriptures and a close follower of John the Baptist. He knows something about Jesus, but it's unclear if he only knows what John had taught (Mark 1:2–8) or if he heard more from believers later. If he knows that Jesus is the Messiah, he doesn't quite understand what that means (Acts 18:25).

When Apollos arrives at Ephesus, the synagogue leaders invite him to speak. Priscilla and Aquila, having been assigned to Ephesus by Paul (Acts 18:19), realize he only needs a little more information to be a Jesus-follower. The couple show him who Jesus is and what He came to do. Apollos enthusiastically accepts their explanation, becomes a powerful evangelist, and takes Paul's place in Corinth (Acts 18:26–28). Apollos makes such an impact on the Corinthian church that factions break out—some claiming ultimate loyalty to Paul, some Peter, some Jesus, and some to Apollos (1 Corinthians 1:12).

Alexandria was the second-largest city in the Roman Empire with half a million people. Egypt had the most Jews outside Israel, but very little is said about their communities in the New Testament. Even Apollos's work concentrates in Corinth and Ephesus—in southern Greece and modern-day Turkey. Alexandria was known for being an academic hub; the loss of the library was a historical tragedy. In the third and second centuries BC, Jewish scholars in Alexandria translated Hebrew Scriptures into Greek; the Septuagint is the version from which Jesus and other New Testament teachers largely quoted.

Ephesus was a large port town on the western coast of Turkey known for its worship of Artemis. Paul visited there briefly (Acts 18:19–21) and will return for several years after Apollos goes to Corinth (Acts 19:8–10).
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