1 Samuel 1:28

ESV Therefore I have lent him to the LORD. As long as he lives, he is lent to the LORD.” And he worshiped the LORD there.
NIV So now I give him to the LORD. For his whole life he will be given over to the LORD.' And he worshiped the LORD there.
NASB So I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.' And he worshiped the Lord there.
CSB I now give the boy to the Lord. For as long as he lives, he is given to the Lord." Then he worshiped the Lord there.
NLT Now I am giving him to the Lord, and he will belong to the Lord his whole life.' And they worshiped the Lord there.
KJV Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

What does 1 Samuel 1:28 mean?

Hannah has explained to Eli, the priest of Israel, why she has brought her son Samuel, maybe three or four years old (1 Samuel 1:24), to dedicate him to lifelong service to the Lord at the temple in Shiloh. She has reminded Eli of the night he found her overwhelmed with emotion while praying the Lord. Though the priest at first thought Hannah was drunk, he discovered she was praying; he had blessed her and affirmed her prayer (1 Samuel 1:9–18, 26–27).

Hannah told the priest that this boy was the answer to that prayer, and now she is fulfilling her vow by giving him over to the Lord. The ESV uses the word "lent." Other versions use "dedicated" (NASB) or "give" (CSB). The Hebrew word can mean to inquire or to request or to lend or to borrow. Hannah saying that Samuel is "lent" to the Lord for as long as he lives is probably meant to capture the idea of "entrusting" something to another. She had asked for the boy from the Lord and now entrusts him to the Lord. Hannah remained Samuel's mother. She was trusting the boy to the care and purposes of God without any expiration date other than Samuel's eventual death. To do such a thing would require deep faith in the goodness and strength of the Lord.

The chapter ends by saying that "he" worshiped the Lord there in Shiloh. Some commentators suggest that it should be read that "they worshiped." If "he" is correct, it may mean that Elkanah, Hannah's husband, finished the dedication by completing the sacrifice and offering they had brought for the Lord for this special occasion. It could also be a reference to Samuel worshipping the Lord.
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