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1 Peter 2:23

ESV When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly.
NIV When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.
NASB and while being abusively insulted, He did not insult in return; while suffering, He did not threaten, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;
CSB when he was insulted, he did not insult in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten but entrusted himself to the one who judges justly.
NLT He did not retaliate when he was insulted, nor threaten revenge when he suffered. He left his case in the hands of God, who always judges fairly.
KJV Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously:

What does 1 Peter 2:23 mean?

Peter builds on the theme of previous verses. Christians are called to suffer for doing good because we follow in the steps of Jesus. He endured extreme suffering while being completely innocent. He serves as our example of how to live as Christians when we are mistreated though guiltless. This verse explains how the innocent Christ responded when He was victimized. To be reviled is to be abusively insulted. Our human instinct is to throw insults back. Jesus refused to retaliate to the angry insults of Jewish religious leaders, the Roman guards, or those taunting Him while He was on the cross.

More, when physically attacked, beaten, tortured, and crucified, He refused even to threaten those who were hurting Him. Jesus would not have had to rely on bluffs, or empty threats, of course. After Peter cut off the ear of the high priest's servant in a foolish attempt to defend Jesus from being arrested, Jesus said to him, "Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels?" (Matthew 26:53).

Instead, Jesus exercised great self-control. He resisted any urge to retaliate, insult, or even rightly describe the coming judgment of God. How did He do it? It wasn't just self-control. Jesus made a choice in the moment to trust God, His Father, to be the perfect judge at the perfect time. He trusted that His Father would vindicate Him, would execute justice, would provide all that was needed. So Jesus was free to fulfill His purpose and not make justice for Himself.
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