What does Romans 9:25 mean?
ESV: As indeed he says in Hosea, "Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’"
NIV: As he says in Hosea: "I will call them ‘my people’ who are not my people; and I will call her ‘my loved one’ who is not my loved one,"
CSB: As it also says in Hosea, I will call Not My People, My People, and she who is Unloved, Beloved.
NLT: Concerning the Gentiles, God says in the prophecy of Hosea, 'Those who were not my people, I will now call my people. And I will love those whom I did not love before.'
KJV: As he saith also in Hosea, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
NKJV: As He says also in Hosea: “I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved.”
Verse Commentary:
Once again, Paul reaches back into the history of Israel, preserved in the Scriptures, to support his argument. He has been showing that "not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel" (Romans 9:6), in addition to insisting that God has chosen to show His mercy to some who are not Israel: to Gentiles.

Here he quotes from a passage (Hosea 2:23) originally written about God's commitment to one day restore the exiled northern ten tribes of Israel. Under inspiration of the Holy Spirit, Paul applies Hosea's text to Gentiles, as well as Jews. Peter appears to have more loosely done a similar thing in 1 Peter 2:10.

In Paul's context, to those who were once not God's people and were not "beloved" by Him, He has now declared to be His people. He calls them "beloved." In this way, God has exercised His right to show mercy on whom He will show mercy, including the Gentiles.
Verse Context:
Romans 9:19–29 deals with the issue of whether or not God's sovereign choice to bless some, and not others, is ''fair,'' in the way we often use that term. Paul's essential argument is that God is God, and as the Creator, He has the right to do as He wishes with His own creation. A potter can choose how to use clay, and that clay has no cause to complain that it was chosen for one purpose or another. In the same way, God has the absolute right to choose whom He will save. Quotations from Hosea and Isaiah are used to show that this sovereignty extends to God's plan to include Gentiles in the plan of salvation.
Chapter Summary:
Romans 9 begins with Paul describing his anguish for his people Israel in their rejection of Christ. After describing all the privileges God has given to the Jewish people as a nation, Paul insists that God will keep those promises. However, not every person born to Israel belongs to Israel, he writes. God reserves the right to show mercy to some and not others, as Paul demonstrates from Scripture. God is like a potter who creates some vessels for destruction and others for glory. God has called out His people from both the Gentiles and the Jews to faith in Christ, the stumbling stone.
Chapter Context:
Romans 8 ended with Paul's grand declaration that nothing can separate those who are in Christ Jesus from the love of God. Romans 9 turns a sharp corner and finds Paul heartbroken that his people, the Jews, have rejected Christ. He insists that God will keep His promises to Israel, but that not everyone born to Israel is truly Israel. God will show mercy to whomever He wishes, calling out His people from both the Jews and the Gentiles to faith in Christ. Romans 10 will find Paul discussing how Jewish people can be saved.
Book Summary:
The book of Romans is the New Testament's longest, most structured, and most detailed description of Christian theology. Paul lays out the core of the gospel message: salvation by grace alone through faith alone. His intent is to explain the good news of Jesus Christ in accurate and clear terms. As part of this effort, Paul addresses the conflicts between law and grace, between Jews and Gentiles, and between sin and righteousness. As is common in his writing, Paul closes out his letter with a series of practical applications.
Accessed 6/21/2024 5:19:16 PM
© Copyright 2002-2024 Got Questions Ministries. All rights reserved.
Text from ESV, NIV, NASB, CSB, NLT, KJV, NKJV © Copyright respective owners, used by permission.