What does Psalm 18:29 mean?
ESV: For by you I can run against a troop, and by my God I can leap over a wall.
NIV: With your help I can advance against a troop ; with my God I can scale a wall.
NASB: For by You I can run at a troop of warriors; And by my God I can leap over a wall.
CSB: With you I can attack a barricade, and with my God I can leap over a wall.
NLT: In your strength I can crush an army; with my God I can scale any wall.
KJV: For by thee I have run through a troop; and by my God have I leaped over a wall.
NKJV: For by You I can run against a troop, By my God I can leap over a wall.
Verse Commentary:
David depended upon the Lord for victory over the enemy and for strength to accomplish amazing feats. He trusted in the Lord to enable him to scatter the enemy and to scale walls. In the ancient world, cities were protected by walls which were difficult to climb, and there were not yet cannons to knock them down. A large part of military strategy was overcoming the defense provided by walls. So, in this verse, David credits God with giving him military skill and success.

In our own strength we cannot be victorious over the Devil or difficult circumstances, but we can be victorious by trusting the Lord for success. When the Lord commissioned Joshua to lead the Israelites into Canaan and rout its strong inhabitants, He told Joshua not to fear but to obey Him and His Word. He promised: "Do not be frightened, and do not be dismayed, for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go" (Joshua 1:9). Jesus declared, "Apart from me you can do nothing" (John 15:5). However, if we abide in Christ and His words abide in us, we can ask whatever we wish, and the Lord will grant our request (John 15:7).

Reliance on the Lord makes us victorious just as it made David victorious.
Verse Context:
Psalm 18:28–45 celebrates the Lord's goodness to David during his wilderness experience (2 Samuel 22:1). Second Samuel 22:29–46 is a companion passage, and 2 Samuel chapter 8 features several of David's victories. Other passages that focus on the victory God gives His people are Romans 8:28–39, 1 Corinthians 15:50–58, 2 Corinthians 1:8–11, 2:14–17, Ephesians 6:10–20, Philippians 1:12–26, 1 Peter 1:3–9, and 1 John 5:1–5.
Chapter Summary:
In 2 Samuel chapter 22, David expresses praise for all the times in his life where God gave him victory. That prayer or song is copied almost identically here. Psalm 18, itself, might have been adapted for use in public worship. David remembers dire situations where God rescued him. He dramatically recounts how God provided rescue and power. David also credits God with rewarding his obedience by making him a powerful and successful military leader. For these reasons, David commits himself to the praise and worship of the Lord.
Chapter Context:
This psalm is David's prayer to the Lord in which David praises the Lord for making him victorious over his enemies. Second Samuel 5, 8, and 10 are companion chapters, and 2 Samuel 22 provides another version of this psalm. Second Samuel 22:1 tells us David composed Psalm 18 on the day the Lord delivered him from his enemies and Saul. Second Samuel 19 reports David's victorious return to Jerusalem after David vanquished his enemies.
Book Summary:
The book of Psalms is composed of individual songs, hymns, or poems, each of which is a ''Psalm'' in and of itself. These works contain a wide variety of themes. Some Psalms focus on praising and worshipping God. Others cry out in anguish over the pain of life. Still other Psalms look forward to the coming of the Messiah. While some Psalms are related, each has its own historical and biblical context.
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