What does Psalm 139:16 mean?
ESV: Your eyes saw my unformed substance; in your book were written, every one of them, the days that were formed for me, when as yet there was none of them.
NIV: Your eyes saw my unformed body; all the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.
NASB: Your eyes have seen my formless substance; And in Your book were written All the days that were ordained for me, When as yet there was not one of them.
CSB: Your eyes saw me when I was formless; all my days were written in your book and planned before a single one of them began.
NLT: You saw me before I was born. Every day of my life was recorded in your book. Every moment was laid out before a single day had passed.
KJV: Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them.
NKJV: Your eyes saw my substance, being yet unformed. And in Your book they all were written, The days fashioned for me, When as yet there were none of them.
Verse Commentary:
This Scripture affirms that God knows everything about our lives, in advance, with His perfect omniscience. The Lord saw David's unborn state and planned the days David would live.

No human being can predict accurately how long he or she will live. Proverbs 27:1 warns us not be presumptuous, "Do not boast about tomorrow," it warns, "for you do not know what a day may bring." James counseled: "Come now, you who say, 'Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and make a profit'—yet you do not know what tomorrow will bring" (James 4:13–14). How should we deal with the reality that we do not know how many days we will live? James said we should live each day doing the Lord's will and trusting that the results are ultimately up to Him (James 4:15).

Also, we should pray as Moses did, "So teach us to number our days that we may get a heart of wisdom" (Psalm 90:12).
Verse Context:
Psalm 139:13–16 describes God's omnipotence: His attribute of being all-powerful. The psalmist, David, described God's omniscience in verses 1–6 and His omnipresence in verses 7–12. In this section, he links omnipotence to the way God created the writer in his mother's womb.
Chapter Summary:
In this psalm David marvels at God's amazing characteristics. God knows everything about him: where he goes, all David's thoughts and everything about his conduct. The Lord knows what David will say even before David says it. There is no place David can go that God isn't already present. David marvels at God's creative work in the womb. He is thankful for God's innumerable thoughts for him and for God's presence day and night. Finally, David's thoughts turn to the wicked. He considers them God's enemies and his, and longs for God to slay them. David is disgusted by evil people because they rail against God and take His name in vain. He asks God to search his heart to see if any sin is there, and he asks God to lead him in the way everlasting.
Chapter Context:
This psalm of David lies in the fifth division of Psalms, Psalms 107—150. It discloses information about God's omniscience: He knows everything. It explains His omnipresence: that He is everywhere. It declares His omnipotence: He formed every part of human beings. It also describes His holiness: He judges the wicked and searches the heart. These attributes reflect common themes across both the Old and New Testaments.
Book Summary:
The book of Psalms is composed of individual songs, hymns, or poems, each of which is a ''Psalm'' in and of itself. These works contain a wide variety of themes. Some Psalms focus on praising and worshipping God. Others cry out in anguish over the pain of life. Still other Psalms look forward to the coming of the Messiah. While some Psalms are related, each has its own historical and biblical context.
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