What does Philippians 1:6 mean?
ESV: And I am sure of this, that he who began a good work in you will bring it to completion at the day of Jesus Christ.
NIV: being confident of this, that he who began a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus.
NASB: For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work among you will complete it by the day of Christ Jesus.
CSB: I am sure of this, that he who started a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus.
NLT: And I am certain that God, who began the good work within you, will continue his work until it is finally finished on the day when Christ Jesus returns.
KJV: Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:
NKJV: being confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ;
Verse Commentary:
Paul begins this verse with a statement of great confidence in the Philippian Christians. While salvation from the penalty of sin happens at the moment a person accepts Christ, the process of becoming more like Christ is exactly that: a process. Paul is completely sure that this "sanctification" will continue in the lives of these believers. In particular, this assurance is grounded in the work of Jesus Christ. In other words, Paul has no doubts about their salvation and their faithful service to Christ.

The "day of Jesus Christ" clearly speaks of the end times, but interpreters debate other specifics related to this reference. Some see this as an allusion to the rapture, which will take place at any moment (1 Corinthians 15:50–58; 1 Thessalonians 4:13–18). Others see this statement as a mention of the end of the seven–year tribulation period just prior to the millennium (Revelation 19—20). A third possibility is that Paul was not referring to any specific date or time, but simply focused on the good things that would take place when these believers met Christ in the future.
Verse Context:
Philippians 1:3–11 is Paul's expression of thanks and gratitude for the believers of Philippi. Not only have they been generous in their support of Paul, they have been faithful even when he was imprisoned. Paul claims to thank God for these Christians in all of his prayers. At the same time, Paul has high hopes that the church of Philippi will continue to mature and strengthen their relationship with Christ.
Chapter Summary:
In chapter 1, Paul thanks the Philippian believers for supporting his ministry. Even when Paul was jailed, or persecuted, they had been generous and loyal. Paul encourages these Christians by explaining that all of his suffering has been for a good cause. Even better, these attempts to persecute Paul have actually caused the gospel to spread. For this, Paul is grateful. He fully expects to be released, and to see the believers of Philippi again.
Chapter Context:
Chapter 1 introduces the major themes of Paul's letter. A large proportion of the passage is given to thanking the Philippian church for their loyal support of Paul. Paul also encourages them with a reminder that, good or bad, anything a Christian experiences can be used for the glory of God. This sets the tone for the rest of the letter, where Paul will continue to stress the importance of living out the Christian life. This, he says, starts with having a proper attitude and approach.
Book Summary:
Philippians is Paul's discussion of living the Christian life. In this letter to the church of Philippi, Paul highlights themes such as joy and glory. He also puts great emphasis on how a Christian's thinking—their attitude—affects the way they live out their faith. Paul is very thankful for the support of the Philippian church, but is also concerned about the influence of various false teachers. This letter is less theological than most of his other writings, and more practical.
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