What does Mark 7:19 mean?
ESV: since it enters not his heart but his stomach, and is expelled?” (Thus he declared all foods clean.)
NIV: For it doesn't go into their heart but into their stomach, and then out of the body.' (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.)
NASB: because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and is eliminated?' ( Thereby He declared all foods clean.)
CSB: For it doesn't go into his heart but into the stomach and is eliminated" (thus he declared all foods clean ).
NLT: Food doesn’t go into your heart, but only passes through the stomach and then goes into the sewer.' (By saying this, he declared that every kind of food is acceptable in God’s eyes.)
KJV: Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats?
Verse Commentary:
"Heart" is from the Greek root word kardia which refers to the source of physical and spiritual life. It is from the heart that we think, desire, and decide what we want. "Is expelled" is an overtly polite translation of a much longer Greek phrase: eis ton aphedrōna ekporeuetai. This literally means "is passed into the toilet." Without going into the details of digestion, Jesus is saying that physical food, with its clear trajectory through and out of the body, cannot cause a heart—our spiritual condition—to become defiled.

The latter half of this verse flummoxes scholars. Jesus clearly revokes the kosher dietary laws, so why did the early church struggle so much? There are two possibilities. First, this statement might be a commentary by Mark or Peter who feel the need to defend what Jesus taught Peter about kosher food on the rooftop in Acts chapter 10. Second, this may be a reference to an obscure belief, held by some scribes and Pharisees, that human excrement was ceremonially clean. Most Bible teachers believe the former, especially considering Ezekiel's reluctance to cook over human dung (Ezekiel 4:12–14). Since Mark's audience is most likely Gentiles, it's an important affirmation of the Gentile Christians' freedom from the Mosaic Law.

Jesus' statement that nothing that goes in us can defile us (Mark 7:15) is literal in regard to food but becomes a parable when applied to other areas of life. It is not a sin to hear someone swear, accidentally come upon a pornographic image, or withhold offerings from a church. Our hearts decide if these things are unclean or not. We are "unclean" if we swear with a rebellious and disrespectful attitude toward God or others. We are "unclean" if we seek out images or entertainment for the purpose of sinning. We are "unclean" if God convicts us to give and we refuse. We are also "unclean" if our hearts convince us to do something that is permitted but in a sinful way or against our convictions (Romans 14:14).
Verse Context:
Mark 7:14–23 contains Jesus' rebuttal to the Pharisees' beliefs about cleanness (Mark 7:1–5), by condemning their habit of rejecting God's law for their own tradition (Mark 7:6–13). Here, He goes into more detail about what actually makes someone unclean. After, He will live out His teaching of love over tradition by healing a Gentile girl then remaining in a Gentile area to heal and feed four thousand (Mark 7:31–8:10). A parallel description can be found in Matthew 15:10–20.
Chapter Summary:
Jesus counters another traditional error from the scribes and Pharisees, explaining that food in and of itself does not make a person unclean. Rather, it is the intent of the heart that matters to God. He specifically condemns traditions which effectively undo the original intent of God's commands. Jesus heals the daughter of a persistent Gentile woman, and a man suffering from deafness and a speech impediment.
Chapter Context:
After showing His authority over demons, death, and physics, Jesus asserts His superiority over manmade traditions. For generations, Jewish religious leaders have added to the Law in an attempt to keep the nation holy. Such traditions, however, serve to make the leaders look good but unnecessarily burden the people. Jesus argues in word and action that any law that dismisses love is either misinterpreted or manmade.
Book Summary:
The Gospel of Mark emphasizes both Jesus' servanthood and His role as the promised Messiah: the Son of God. This is done through a concise, action-packed style. Mark provides relatively few details, instead focusing on actions and simple statements. This relates to the Gospel's authorship, which is believed to be based on the memories of the apostle Peter. These include many of Jesus' miracles, in contrast to other Gospels which include many more of Jesus' teachings and parables. Mark also makes frequent mention of Jesus' ministry being misunderstood by others.
Accessed 4/18/2024 7:01:29 PM
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