What does Mark 15:4 mean?
ESV: And Pilate again asked him, “Have you no answer to make? See how many charges they bring against you.”
NIV: So again Pilate asked him, 'Aren't you going to answer? See how many things they are accusing you of.'
NASB: But Pilate questioned Him again, saying, 'Do You offer nothing in answer? See how many charges they are bringing against You!'
CSB: Pilate questioned him again, "Aren't you going to answer? Look how many things they are accusing you of! "
NLT: and Pilate asked him, 'Aren’t you going to answer them? What about all these charges they are bringing against you?'
KJV: And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.
Verse Commentary:
Pilate doesn't care if Jesus broke a Jewish religious law. And, he knows the civil accusations the Sanhedrin brought against Jesus are false. John's Gospel contains a key detail explaining Pilate's reaction in this passage: Jesus explains that He is King of the Jews but His kingdom is not on earth (John 18:33–36). By this, Pilate understands that Jesus is not a threat to himself or Caesar. Pilate knows that envy, not honor for the Roman Empire, motivates the Sanhedrin members to have Jesus killed (Mark 15:10). He does not want to execute Jesus, but he can justify having Jesus killed if not doing so would threaten peace, and he has no pressing reason not to. So Pilate asks Jesus to defend Himself.

One of the more puzzling prophecies about Jesus is found in Isaiah's description of the Suffering Servant: "He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth" (Isaiah 53:7). Obviously, during the trials before the crucifixion, Jesus does speak. He challenges the legality of the Sanhedrin trial and affirms His identity as the Christ (Mark 14:53–62). Later, He has a conversation about His kingdom and the nature of truth with Pilate (John 18:34–38). How is this "remaining silent?"

The key is in what Jesus speaks about. Jesus is silent in His defense. He speaks, but never says anything that would delay His path to the cross. He shouldn't have to, as all the accusations are false. But the fact that He refuses to defend Himself against false accusations, and that the members of the Sanhedrin are so aggressive, leads Pilate to think he has no choice but to give the mob what they want.
Verse Context:
Mark 15:1–5 continues after Jesus' trial before the Sanhedrin, which has been ongoing since His arrest in the garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:43–65). They have convicted Him of blasphemy against God, but they do not have authority to execute Him, only Pilate does (John 18:31; 19:7–8). The Sanhedrin must convince Pilate that Jesus has broken a capital Roman law. Luckily for them, ''Jewish Messiah'' is roughly translated into Greek as ''King of the Jews.'' That's high treason against Caesar. Jesus' first trial with Pilate is also in Matthew 27:1–2 and 11–14, Luke 23:1–5 and John 18:28–38.
Chapter Summary:
After sham trials, Jesus is taken to the local Roman governor, Pilate. This is the only person in Jerusalem with the legal authority to have Jesus executed. Pilate is not fooled, and he attempts to arrange for Jesus' release. But the ruler's ploys fail, in part because Jesus will not defend Himself, and partly because the mob is intent on His death. Pilate offers a prisoner exchange in Barabbas, and even has Jesus brutally beaten in order to pacify the crowd. Eventually, he caves in and Jesus is crucified. Thanks to His prior abuse, Jesus survives only a few hours on the cross before dying. Jesus is then buried in a tomb belonging to a secret follower among the Jerusalem council.
Chapter Context:
After being unfairly judged, Jesus will now be unfairly sentenced and cruelly murdered. It's reasonable to say this chapter provides context for everything else contained in the Bible. From Adam and Eve until the last baby born in the millennial kingdom, every person other than Christ is stained with sin. Conscience, law, Jesus' direct leadership, even the indwelling of the Holy Spirit cannot keep us from sinning. Sinless Jesus had to die on the cross, sacrificing Himself in our place, so our sins could be forgiven and we could be reconciled to God. Beneath the violence, darkness, dishonor, and death is the love of God for all mankind (John 3:16). Jesus' crucifixion is also found in Matthew 27, Luke 23, and John 19. The next chapter describes the miracle of His resurrection.
Book Summary:
The Gospel of Mark emphasizes both Jesus' servanthood and His role as the promised Messiah: the Son of God. This is done through a concise, action-packed style. Mark provides relatively few details, instead focusing on actions and simple statements. This relates to the Gospel's authorship, which is believed to be based on the memories of the apostle Peter. These include many of Jesus' miracles, in contrast to other Gospels which include many more of Jesus' teachings and parables. Mark also makes frequent mention of Jesus' ministry being misunderstood by others.
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