What does Luke 17:25 mean?
ESV: But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
NIV: But first he must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
NASB: But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
CSB: But first it is necessary that he suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
NLT: But first the Son of Man must suffer terribly and be rejected by this generation.
KJV: But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation.
Verse Commentary:
Jesus has explained that the Pharisees misunderstand what the arrival of the kingdom of God means (Luke 17:20–21). To be sure, when God's kingdom is fulfilled, the Son of Man (Daniel 7:13–14) will arrive illuminated by lightning (Matthew 24:29). No one will have to seek out the Messiah; He will be obvious (Luke 17:23–24). But the kingdom of God has already been inaugurated with the incarnation of God the Son who teaches, heals, and casts out demons (Luke 17:21).

Even more unexpectedly, to the Pharisees, the Son of Man first must die. "This generation" includes Jewish religious leaders who reject Him as their Messiah. They're jealous of His popularity with the people (Mark 15:10). They are insulted that He not only rejects their extra-biblical law, but He even condemns it (Luke 11:42–46). And they're afraid of the Romans who will persecute them if they can't keep His followers under control (John 11:47–50).

This isn't the first time Jesus has told His disciples about His coming rejection. Earlier, He warned, "The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised" (Luke 9:22). He mentioned it again, but the disciples didn't understand because the meaning was hidden from them (Luke 9:44–45). And He will tell them one more time (Luke 18:31–34).

In this regard, the disciples are only marginally more mature than the Pharisees. They fight over who is greatest among them (Luke 9:46), jockeying for position (Mark 10:35–37). Then they ask to know when Jesus will "restore the kingdom to Israel" (Acts 1:6).

Jesus promises it will come. His return will be sudden, obvious, and a total surprise (Luke 17:24, 26–30). And yet, those who are watching will be able to interpret the signs (Luke 17:37). They need to be ready.
Verse Context:
Luke 17:22–37 may create confusion for two reasons. The first is where to place the events in relation to the end times. Are they before the rapture or at the end of the tribulation? The second complication is the placement of Jesus' teaching. Did He deliver this message while traveling through Galilee and Samaria, or outside of Jerusalem during the final week prior to His crucifixion? Ultimately, neither question is as important as the clear message: Jesus' return will be unmistakable, and those who are not ready will suffer greatly. This passage covers similar material to Matthew 24 and Mark 13.
Chapter Summary:
In his gospel, Luke has often arranged events by theme rather than by strict time order. That seems likely here with a series of teachings about living as Christ followers and ambassadors of God. Christians ought to be careful not to poison the faith of others. Faith is powerful. God's servants should not demand extravagant treatment in return. After healing ten lepers—only one of whom offers thanks—Jesus discusses the state of the world at His future second coming.
Chapter Context:
Luke 17 continues Jesus' teaching about how to live as citizens and ambassadors of the kingdom of God. Luke 15 describes God's love for the lost. Chapter 16 teaches earthly blessings are far inferior to heavenly rewards. Here, He exhorts His followers to lead well, serve humbly, give thanks, and watch for His second coming. In Luke 18, Jesus gives a series of comparisons to show how we are to approach God—as He approaches Jerusalem and the cross.
Book Summary:
Luke was a traveling companion of Paul (Acts 16:10) and a physician (Colossians 4:14). Unlike Matthew, Mark, and John, Luke writes his gospel as an historian, rather than as a first-hand eyewitness. His extensive writings also include the book of Acts (Acts 1:1–3). These are deliberately organized, carefully researched accounts of those events. The gospel of Luke focuses on the earthly ministry of Jesus Christ. Luke's Gentile perspective presents Christ as a Savior for all people, offering both forgiveness and direction to those who follow Him.
Accessed 4/13/2024 9:40:31 AM
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