What does John 1:42 mean?
ESV: He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of John. You shall be called Cephas” (which means Peter).
NIV: And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, 'You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas' (which, when translated, is Peter).
NASB: He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, 'You are Simon the son of John; you shall be called Cephas' (which is translated Peter).
CSB: and he brought Simon to Jesus.When Jesus saw him, he said, "You are Simon, son of John. You will be called Cephas" (which is translated "Peter").
NLT: Then Andrew brought Simon to meet Jesus. Looking intently at Simon, Jesus said, 'Your name is Simon, son of John — but you will be called Cephas' (which means 'Peter' ).
KJV: And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.
Verse Commentary:
Andrew's response to just about everything is "bring it to Jesus." He has already told his brother Simon that the man he's met is the "Messiah," meaning "The Anointed One." The Greek term is Christos, which eventually became the English word "Christ." This is the fifth of John's seven names of Jesus in chapter 1. Jesus immediately tells Simon that he will have a new name: "Cephas." This is actually an Aramaic word meaning "stone." In the original Greek, John translates Cephas as Petros, from which we get the English name "Peter." Peter's friends probably thought it was strange that someone known to be emotional and unstable was now going by the name "Rock," but he would eventually earn that title. Long before he'd done anything worth noticing, Jesus could already see his potential, and gave him a name worthy of his future. The Hebrew term bar literally means, "son of," so Simon Barjonah is literally "Simon, Son of Jonah (or son of John)."
Verse Context:
John 1:29–42 is a conversation between Jesus and John the Baptist, and records the moment when Jesus recruits His first two disciples. Jesus is identified as “The Lamb of God,” and “The Son of God.” The Baptist describes his vision of the Holy Spirit, in the form of a dove, landing on Jesus. This confirms that He is the Messiah. The Baptist tells two of his followers, John and Andrew, to go and follow Jesus. They, in turn, introduce Jesus to Peter.
Chapter Summary:
The first chapter of John introduces Jesus as “the Word,” from the Greek Logos. This chapter clearly describes Jesus as identical to God. After this prologue, the chapter describes Jesus recruiting the first of His disciples, as well as a conversation between John the Baptist and the Pharisees. There are seven names for Christ in this chapter, including “The Son of God,” “The Word,” and “The King of Israel.”
Chapter Context:
The first chapter of the gospel of John equates Christ with God, and introduces John the Baptist. The Baptist specifically points to Jesus as the Promised One. Jesus collects the first five of His disciples. In this chapter, Jesus is given seven descriptive names, including “The Word,” “The Son of God,” and “The King of Israel.” This chapter sets the stage for the rest of the gospel, by giving the reader a sense of who Jesus truly is, and why He has come. The rest of the gospel is an exploration of the claims made in this initial passage.
Book Summary:
The gospel of John was written by the disciple John, decades later than the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The author assumes that a reader is already familiar with the content of these other works. So, John presents a different perspective, with a greater emphasis on meaning. John uses seven miracles—which he calls “signs”—in order to prove that Jesus is, in fact, God incarnate. Some of the most well-known verses in all of the Bible are found here. None is more famous than the one-sentence summary of the gospel found in John 3:16.
Accessed 4/18/2024 1:20:18 AM
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