What does John 1:34 mean?
ESV: And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God.”
NIV: I have seen and I testify that this is God's Chosen One.'
NASB: And I myself have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God.'
CSB: I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God."
NLT: I saw this happen to Jesus, so I testify that he is the Chosen One of God. '
KJV: And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
Verse Commentary:
John the Baptist (not the same as John the disciple, author of this gospel) once again states that Jesus is the Promised One. He also confirms a title of Jesus first suggested in John 1:18: "The Son of God." The Baptist was told that when he saw the Spirit of God remaining on a man, that would be a sign that this was the Messiah. John has already told the crowd what he saw in verse 32. Here, he repeats this claim, something he has seen with his own eyes. The word for "testify" is a Greek term implying a very specific, direct, personal knowledge. This personal testimony is important, and Jesus will refer to it later. When explaining why people ought to believe Him, one piece of evidence Jesus mentions is the testimony of other people, specifically that of John the Baptist (John 5:32–33).
Verse Context:
John 1:29–42 is a conversation between Jesus and John the Baptist, and records the moment when Jesus recruits His first two disciples. Jesus is identified as “The Lamb of God,” and “The Son of God.” The Baptist describes his vision of the Holy Spirit, in the form of a dove, landing on Jesus. This confirms that He is the Messiah. The Baptist tells two of his followers, John and Andrew, to go and follow Jesus. They, in turn, introduce Jesus to Peter.
Chapter Summary:
The first chapter of John introduces Jesus as “the Word,” from the Greek Logos. This chapter clearly describes Jesus as identical to God. After this prologue, the chapter describes Jesus recruiting the first of His disciples, as well as a conversation between John the Baptist and the Pharisees. There are seven names for Christ in this chapter, including “The Son of God,” “The Word,” and “The King of Israel.”
Chapter Context:
The first chapter of the gospel of John equates Christ with God, and introduces John the Baptist. The Baptist specifically points to Jesus as the Promised One. Jesus collects the first five of His disciples. In this chapter, Jesus is given seven descriptive names, including “The Word,” “The Son of God,” and “The King of Israel.” This chapter sets the stage for the rest of the gospel, by giving the reader a sense of who Jesus truly is, and why He has come. The rest of the gospel is an exploration of the claims made in this initial passage.
Book Summary:
The gospel of John was written by the disciple John, decades later than the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The author assumes that a reader is already familiar with the content of these other works. So, John presents a different perspective, with a greater emphasis on meaning. John uses seven miracles—which he calls “signs”—in order to prove that Jesus is, in fact, God incarnate. Some of the most well-known verses in all of the Bible are found here. None is more famous than the one-sentence summary of the gospel found in John 3:16.
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