What does Genesis 47:12 mean?
ESV: And Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with food, according to the number of their dependents.
NIV: Joseph also provided his father and his brothers and all his father's household with food, according to the number of their children.
NASB: Joseph also provided his father and his brothers and all his father’s household with food, according to the number of their little ones.
CSB: And Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father's family with food for their dependents.
NLT: And Joseph provided food for his father and his brothers in amounts appropriate to the number of their dependents, including the smallest children.
KJV: And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families.
NKJV: Then Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with bread, according to the number in their families.
Verse Commentary:
At the command of Pharaoh and with his blessing, Joseph has established his large family in the region of Goshen, also called the land of Rameses. They now have as their possession the best of the land of Egypt (Genesis 47:1–11).

Why has Pharaoh done this for them? He favors Joseph very highly. He holds Joseph responsible for saving Egypt and much of the world from a devastating famine (Genesis 41:39–41) that will continue to afflict the region for another five years (Genesis 45:1–11). It seems Pharaoh knows he owes Joseph more than he could ever repay. He is certainly grateful. From that perspective, his treatment of Joseph's family seems quite appropriate.

Now Joseph begins to distribute a regular allotment of food to every member of his father's household. It's true they owned large herds and flocks, but the family would still require bread made from the grain stored away by Joseph during the seven years of bounty that preceded the famine (Genesis 41:47–49).

For his part, Joseph believed God had brought him to this point in his life for this very purpose. His suffering and struggles were not meaningless, but rather were meant to save his family in their time of need (Genesis 45:5–8).
Verse Context:
Genesis 47:1–12 describes how Joseph's family officially arrived as landowners in Egypt. They are given the fertile region of Goshen. At court, Joseph's brothers formally request permission to settle there, and Jacob blesses Pharaoh twice. Pharaoh gives Joseph the authority to give his family enough land in Goshen to accommodate their herds and growing families. Joseph also begins to distribute a regular allotment of food to each member of his extended family.
Chapter Summary:
Genesis 47 begins with Pharaoh interviewing Joseph's brothers and father before granting their request to settle in the region of Goshen in Egypt. Just as Joseph had hoped, his family is secure. The rest of the people of Egypt and Canaan are not. Most run out of money and can no longer buy food from Joseph. On Pharaoh's behalf, Joseph trades food for their livestock and then their land and even their freedom. Nearly all people will be required to pay to Pharaoh 20 percent of their harvest each year from this time forward. After several years, Jacob asks Joseph to swear that he will bury Jacob's body with his fathers in Canaan.
Chapter Context:
After describing the family's journey from Canaan and their arrival in Egypt in chapter 46, this passage opens on a formal conversation between Pharaoh and Joseph's family. He officially grants their request to settle in Egypt. As the famine continues, citizens of Egypt and Canaan turn over their money, land, and livestock to Joseph in exchange for food. The final three chapters of Genesis explain Jacob's dying blessings, and the passing of both Jacob and Joseph.
Book Summary:
The book of Genesis establishes fundamental truths about God. Among these are His role as the Creator, His holiness, His hatred of sin, His love for mankind, and His willingness to provide for our redemption. We learn not only where mankind has come from, but why the world is in its present form. The book also presents the establishment of Israel, God's chosen people. Many of the principles given in other parts of Scripture depend on the basic ideas presented here in the book of Genesis. Within the framework of the Bible, Genesis explains the bare-bones history of the universe leading up to the captivity of Israel in Egypt, setting the stage for the book of Exodus.
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